IMPACTO DEL CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO EN LOS RECURSOS HÍDRICOS DE ESPAÑA IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON THE WATER RESOURCES OF SPAIN

Cruz-Perez, Noelia, Rodriguez-Martin, Jesica, Ioras, Florin, Garcia, C and Santamarta-Cerezal, Juan Carlos (2020) IMPACTO DEL CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO EN LOS RECURSOS HÍDRICOS DE ESPAÑA IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON THE WATER RESOURCES OF SPAIN. In: 8 Congress Internacional Sobre Gestion Y Tratamiento Integral Del Agua. International Congress on Integral Water Management and Treatment, pp. 396-403. ISBN 978-987-1930-54-8

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Abstract

To the current global climate change scenario, we must add the use of water by the main economic sectors in Spain. Mainly, agriculture and tourism (Spain received 83 million tourists in 2019) are the main water demanders in the country, so we have studied the current water situation of the peninsula and the islands of the country, to know their ability to meet the demand of these key sectors. In order to address this analysis, we began by reviewing the various international conventions that have addressed the problem of global warming, and then addressed the methodology of the water situation in Spain and its two archipelagos (Canary and Balearic Islands) and the challenges faced by these three territories in relation to obtaining water in a scenario of climate change. Spain and the Balearic archipelago enjoy a Mediterranean climate characterized by dry summers. It is precisely during the summer season that most tourism is received and a greater demand for water must be satisfied. In the Canary Islands, due to their geographical condition, we speak of a subtropical climate with abundant microclimates within the 8 islands that make up the archipelago. This situation favours different water situations, mainly betting on desalination in the islands closest to the African continent, and on groundwater in the most western islands. In all three territories, the struggle for sustainable water management in relation to the tourism sector is underway, as well as an increase in the use of reclaimed water in irrigation, due to the growing threat of water scarcity scenarios in southern Europe, with the risk that this poses to the tourism and agricultural model of life that is being developed in Spain.

Item Type: Book Section
Keywords: Climate Change, Water Resources, Spain, Islands
Depositing User: RED Unit Admin
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2020 09:20
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2020 09:20
URI: https://bucks.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/18130

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