A regional evaluation of the health care utilization and outcomes of children and young people with long-term ventilation needs.

Popejoy, Emma, Marufu, Takawira C, Thomas, David A, Gregory, Rachel, Frost, Adele, McNarry, Nicola, Hurley, Matthew, Bean, Dorothy and Manning, Joseph C (2020) A regional evaluation of the health care utilization and outcomes of children and young people with long-term ventilation needs. Child: care, health and development, 1 (7). ISSN 1365-2214

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Abstract

Globally, the number of children and young people (CYP) with long-term ventilation (LTV) needs is increasing, with high associated health care costs, due to frequent hospital admissions and contact with community health care services. However, demographic, health care utilization and outcome details of the CYP cared for locally is unknown. This study aimed to examine health care utilization and outcomes for this patient population. Routinely collected data from 2014 to 2018 were extracted from local LTV team records and from hospital electronic patient records. Descriptive and inferential statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 17. A total of 112 CYP aged 0-17 years old were included in the evaluation. Sixty per cent (n = 67) commenced ventilation in hospital, and 62% (n = 69) had at-least one hospitalization event whilst they were on LTV, with a median length of stay of 3 days. Most hospitalizations were unplanned and respiratory in nature. Ninety-five per cent (n = 106) of CYP accessed at least one clinic appointment whilst on LTV, with a median of 20 outpatient clinic appointments during the study period. The majority of CYP received time-intensive support from LTV nurses and physiotherapists during the period that they received LTV. Minimal seasonal variation existed in relation to hospital admissions. Year on year increasing trend of hospital admissions was noted. The observed mortality rate was 3.6% (n = 4), 72.3% (n = 81) remained active on LTV, 14% (n = 16) were liberated from their ventilation and 9% (n = 10) transitioned to adult care by the end of the study. The study highlights the most common modes of health care utilization for CYP with LTV needs. To enable formalization of future resource planning and accurate assessment of health care utilization in evaluations, there is an urgent need to create a systematic approach for relevant LTV data collection. [Abstract copyright: © 2020 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.]

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ** From PubMed via Jisc Publications Router ** History: received 20-04-2020; revised 22-09-2020; accepted 12-10-2020.
Keywords: children, health care utilization, long-term ventilation, patient outcomes
SWORD Depositor: JISC Router
Depositing User: JISC Router
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2021 09:11
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2021 09:11
URI: https://bucks.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/18114

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