Peak Oxygen Uptake Responses to Free and Simulated Swimming Using Different Body Segments.

Konstantaki, Maria, Winter, Edward M. and Swaine, Ian L. (2004) Peak Oxygen Uptake Responses to Free and Simulated Swimming Using Different Body Segments. Journal of Swimming Research, 16. pp. 18-24. ISSN 0747-5993

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Abstract

Simulated swimming has been a useful tool in training and in assessment of physiological responses of swimmers. However, the extent to which oxygen uptake responses to simulated swimming compare to respective responses during free swimming is not yet known. The purpose of this study was to compare oxygen uptake responses in free and simulated swimming using different body segments. Five men (mean ± SD; mass: 67.2 ±5.3 kg, stature: 1.74 ± 0.06 m, age: 19.1 ± 3.4 years) and four women (mass: 62.2 ± 3.1 kg, stature: 1.63 ± 0.04 m, age: 17.3 ± 4.1 years) club swimmers performed six incremental exercise tests to exhaustion. These tests comprised whole-stroke, arms-only and legs-only free and simulated swimming. Oxygen uptake (VO<sub>2</sub>) was determined throughout the tests and at exhaustion ( VO<sub>2peak</sub>) using a portable telemetric system. VO<sub>2peak</sub> during whole-stroke free swimming was 10.4 ± 2.0% higher than during simulated swimming (P&lt;0.05), whereas VO<sub>2peak</sub> during arms-only and legs-only free swimming did not differ from that of simulated swimming. These results suggest that oxygen uptake responses to arms-only and legs-only simulated swimming compare favourably with respective responses to free swimming, yet, there are still limitations to simulation of whole-stroke freestyle swimming in the laboratory.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: ?? BucksNewUniversity ??
Depositing User: ULCC Admin
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2016 14:33
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2017 19:20
URI: http://bucks.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/9946

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