Evaluating skin problems in people with stomas

Williams, J, Gwillian, B, Sutherland, N, Matten, J, Hemmingway, J, Ilsley, H, Sommerville, M, Vujnovich, A, Day, S, Redmond, C, Cowin, C, Fox, K and Parker, T (2010) Evaluating skin problems in people with stomas. British Journal of Nursing, 19 (Sup. 7). ISSN 0966-0461

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Abstract

Aim:This study aimed to identify actual and potential peristomal skin problems in relation to the use of different types of stoma appliances and accessories. It also compared ostomists’ perceptions of their peristomal skin condition with those of stoma care nurse specialists. Background Maintaining skin integrity is a basic skill that ensures good stoma management. It is widely accepted that from time to time a patient with a stoma will seek clinical advice about a peristomal skin problem. Little is known about how often patients present with these problems, the clinical course of peristomal skin problems, and how patients manage them. Method:A multi-centred descriptive study was conducted among 80 ostomists. Fieldwork took place over 13 months. The sample was drawn from a UK home care delivery database. Using structured questionnaires, ostomists were interviewed by a stoma care nurse specialist. A digital photograph was taken of their peristomal skin and their answers compared with nurse assessment using the Stoma Care Ostomy Research index scoring system. Findings:Of the interviewees 32% had healthy peristomal skin both via questionnaire and at observation. At observation, 68% were observed to have peristomal skin problems, of whom 44% had irritated skin, 12% had ulcerated skin, 9% had an apparent allergy and 3% had macerated/eroded skin. In addition, 21% had an ill-fitting appliance at observation. Half (50%) were observed to have a parastomal hernia, although only 24% reported having one. These findings demonstrate significant differences between the perception of skin problems among ostomists and actual skin problems observed by stoma care nurse specialists. Conclusions: Peristomal skin problems are common among ostomists. The difference between ostomists’ and nurses’ perceptions of peristomal skin condition led to the identification of educational needs for the new ostomist. Education and regular follow-up by the stoma care nurse specialist is imperative.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: ?? BucksNewUniversity ??
Depositing User: ULCC Admin
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2012 10:06
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2017 19:19
URI: http://bucks.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/9748

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