Effects of deception on exercise performance: implications for determinants of fatigue in humans

Stone, Mark, Thomas, Kevin, Wilkinson, Michael, Jones, Andrew, St Clair Gibson, Alan and Thompson, Kevin (2012) Effects of deception on exercise performance: implications for determinants of fatigue in humans. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 44 (3). pp. 534-541. ISSN 0195-9131

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Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate whether it was possible to reduce the time taken to complete a 4000-m cycling time trial by misleading participants into believing they were racing against a previous trial, when, in fact, the power output was 2% greater. Methods: Nine trained male cyclists each completed four 4000-m time trials. The first trial was a habituation and the data from the second trial was used to form a baseline (BL). During trials 3 and 4, participants raced against an avatar, which they were informedrepresented their BL performance. However, whereas one of these trials was an accurate (ACC) representation of BL, the power outputin the other trial was set at 102% of BL and formed the deception condition (DEC). Oxygen uptake and RER were measured continuously and used to determine aerobic and anaerobic contributions to power output. Results: There was a significant difference betweentrials for time to completion (F = 15.3, P = 0.00). Participants completed DEC more quickly than BL (90% CI = 2.1–10.1 s) and ACC (90% CI = 1.5–5.4 s) and completed ACC more quickly than BL (90% CI = 0.5–4.8 s). The difference in performance between DEC and ACC was attributable to a greater anaerobic contribution to power output at 90% of the total distance (F = 5.3, P = 0.02, 90%CI = 4–37 W). Conclusions: The provision of surreptitiously augmented feedback derived from a previous performance reduces timetaken for cyclists to accomplish a time trial of known duration. This suggests that cyclists operate with a metabolic reserve even duringmaximal time trials and that this reserve can be accessed after deception.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: ?? BucksNewUniversity ??
Depositing User: ULCC Admin
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2014 15:18
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2017 19:26
URI: http://bucks.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/10129

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